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Introduction

General description of steel poultry house:

Poultry house, also named as chicken house and broiler house, is the building put up to protect chickens (broilers and layers) from bad weathers and provide the chickens living space with feeding system, drinking system, waste cleaning and other equipment. Chicken farm owners shall have a clear idea of how many chickens to raise and what kind of chicken to raise before planning the layout of the house. It is also important to consider about the local weather condition as improper layout may cause huge reduction of output when the chickens are living in a bad environment. Generally the height of poultry houses is between 2.5m-3.5m (at eaves). The width of the poultry houses is decided according to then layout of equipment inside and cannot be too large considering ventilation. Steel structure poultry houses are usually designed with the width of 12-15m. Length is better no larger than 120m. In modern chicken farms, chicken feeding is operated in large scale in an automatic way. A complete set of equipment in a poultry house consists of the following items: automatic feeding system, automatic nipple drinking system, exhaust fan, evaporative cooling pad, floor for dung leakage, etc..

Main components of steel structure poultry house:

1. Wall structure: rectangular or square steel tube or hot rolled H section steel

2. Roof structure: Hot rolled H section steel or rectangular steel tube or square steel tube

3. Purlin: C section steel or Z section steel

4. Steel structure finishing: galvanized

5. Cladding system: Sandwich panels or corrugated steel sheet with fiber glass wool insulation

6. Doors: sandwich panel doors or automatic rolling doors

Equipment component lines of steel structure broiler house:

1. Main feeding line system: silo, silo base, drive system, feed sensor, T joint, feed drop.

2. Pan feeding system: hopper, drive system, feed sensor, delivery system, feed pan, winch, winch handle, suspension kit.

3. Nipple drinking system: medicator, water front kit, water inlet system, regulator tube and flushing kit, regulator, nipple drinking line, winch, winch handle, suspension kit.

4. Ventilation system: box fan.

5. Air inlet system: air inlet, air inlet deflector, motor for air inlet.

6. Environment controller system: climate controller, temperature sensor, humidity sensor, pressure meter, power box, alarm controller.

7. Cooling pad system: cooling pad system, water cycle system, filter for cooling pad system, water pump. 

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